What is a Designation of Origin?

The geographical denomination of a country, region, or locality, which serves to designate a product originating therein, the quality or characteristics of which are due exclusively or essentially to the geographical environment, including natural and human factors” (Lisbon Agreement, Article 2(1).

How long does it take to complete the registration process?

From two to four years, contingent upon any number of factors, such as complying with specific requirements (soil assessments, validating reputation, etc.)

What kinds of products can register a Designation of Origin?  

Wines, spirits and agricultural products (such as ham, cheese, oil, fruit, vegetables, fresh chicken, beef or pork) can be registered, as can non-food products such as textiles and handicrafts.

How many Designations of Origin are there in Guatemala?   

To date, Guatemala has registered three designations:  Ron de Guatemala, Café de Antigua and Café de Acatenango.

What are the benefits conferred by a Designation of Origin?

  • It protects against all types of poor business practices (such as usurpation,  imitation or evocation), as well as against any intent to mislead or confuse the consumer as to the actual origin of the product.
  • It provides assurances to the customer as to the quality of the product.
  • It enhances the reputation of registered products.
  • It becomes a driver of the country´s economic development by creating direct and indirect employment.

 

What is the difference between a Designation of Origin and a Geographical Indication?

A Designation of Origin indicates that the production, transformation and manufacturing all take place within the same geographical area. The Geographical Indication does not require that all phases of production take place within the same geographical area.

In regard to intellectual property, does a Designation of Origin imply more than a trademark or a collective brand?

Because it refers specifically to the geographic origin of a product, a Designation of Origin bestows greater legal protection in this regard than that afforded a brand mark.